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But 1968 also gave birth to something amazing: the era of fast

The birth of Intel

We continue our 50th anniversary look at that most pivotal of years, 1968, with a story from David Pogue about something very canada goose clearance small that plays a very BIG role in our lives:

canada goose outlet black friday In many ways, 1968 is famous for its tragedies: assassinations, conflicts and war. But 1968 also gave birth to something amazing: the era of fast, cheap, ubiquitous electronics. Because canada goose outlet 50 years ago this week, two middle aged engineers quit their jobs to start a new company called Intel. canada goose outlet black friday

official canada goose outlet “In 1968, Gordon Moore dropped by Bob Noyce’s house; Bob was mowing the lawn,” said Intel archivist Elizabeth Jones, canada goose who runs the Intel Museum in Santa Clara, Calif. “They were discussing the state of their current jobs as well as the possibility of a new industry.” official canada goose uk canada goose outlet outlet

canada goose outlet toronto factory “And apparently Bob said, ‘Yeah, that’s a good idea,’” said Pogue. canada goose outlet toronto factory

canada goose black friday sale cheap canada goose uk “He did! And on July 18th, 1968, Intel was incorporated.” canada goose black friday sale

canada goose outlet canada goose uk black friday parka Gordon Moore and Robert Noyce, the co founders of Intel. canada goose outlet parka

At his previous company, Fairchild Semiconductor, Noyce had co invented the integrated circuit a way to etch all the circuits buy canada goose jacket in that era’s room size computers onto a tiny slice of silicon.

Intel’s first product, a memory chip called the 30101, was released approximately nine months after the company was founded.

And before that, how did they make memory? “I can’t even call it a ‘chip,’ this larger device called core uk canada goose memory,” Jones said. “And that was the standard computer memory in the 1960s.”

canada goose outlet nyc Smaller also meant faster and easier to make. canada goose outlet nyc

canada goose factory outlet The Intel plant near Portland, Oregon, one of the company’s oldest, is what a chip factory looks like today. No canada goose store TV crew has ever been allowed inside before. canada goose factory outlet

canada goose outlet online Inside Intel’s computer chip factory. canada goose outlet online

Aicha Evans, Intel’s chief strategy officer, showed Pogue how to put on the so called “bunny suit.” “We don’t want any contamination,” Evans said. “We want maximum purity as the material is being assembled, and the products are being built. This is absolutely key.”

Each shiny round slice of silicon holds about 500 identical chips, which Canada Goose Online will be cut apart and installed into the Canada Goose Coats On Sale microprocessors canadian goose jacket (the electronic brains) that control just about everything in our lives with an “on” switch.

canada goose outlet online uk A disc of computer chips. canada goose outlet online uk

canada goose outlet jackets canada goose black friday sale Each chip is etched with impossibly small channels of circuits only ten millionths of an inch wide. The work is done not by Swiss watchmakers with magnifying glasses, but by robots. canada goose outlet jackets

canada goose outlet store So, how has the manufacture of silicon chips changed in 50 years? “The basic principles and fundamentals haven’t changed at all,” said Evans. “Just a lot more automation, a lot more complexity, and also more layers.” canada goose outlet store

“And that’s to get more circuitry into less space?”

“That’s exactly right.”

canada goose outlet canada Getting Canada Goose Jackets more circuitry into less space is the whole point of Moore’s Law. That’s the prediction, made way back in 1965, that every 18 months we’d be able to double the amount of circuitry that can be crammed onto a chip. canada goose outlet canada

He’s basically been right, for all 50 years.

goose outlet canada “Moore’s Law is actually not a law of physics; it’s the result of tens of thousands, hundreds of thousands of people making ongoing improvements in reducing the width of these lines that are printed on the integrated circuits,” said John Doerr, who started working at Intel in 1974. Today, as chairman of Kleiner Perkins, he’s one of the world’s most successful venture canada goose coats capitalists. goose outlet canada

“Someone once said if this applied to automobiles today, cars would cost a few pennies, they’d get thousands of miles per gallon, and we wouldn’t even remember where canada goose clearance sale we parked them; we’d just leave them there cheap Canada Goose again and canada goose uk outlet get another one,” Doerr said.

canada goose jacket outlet In the beginning, Intel made computer memory chips for storing information. But things really took off in 1971, when Bob Noyce invented microprocessors chips that could process information. canada goose jacket outlet

And then, IBM came along. “IBM chose to base its personal computer on Intel’s architecture,” said Doerr.

“And had Canada Goose Parka IBM chosen some other company’s chip?” asked Pogue.

canada goose outlet uk “Intel probably wouldn’t be here today.” canada goose outlet uk

canada Canada Goose Outlet goose outlet new york city Bob Swan, Canada Goose sale Intel’s current interim CEO,” told Pogue, “The makeup of the company started with the founders. And they said these simple words back 50 years ago: ‘Don’t be encumbered by the past. Go and do something wonderful.’” canada goose outlet new york city

canada goose outlet sale “There’s another saying that’s associated with this company, which is, ‘Only the paranoid survive,’” laughed Pogue canada goose outlet sale.

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